Game rules

The tournament will adopt ITF (International Tennis Federation) rules for standard tennis with the following exceptions:

COURT DIMENSIONS AND NET HEIGHT

B1 Court

  • Dimensions: 12,8 m. x 6,1 m.
  • Service line = 1,8 m. from the baseline and 4,60 m from the net.
  • Net height = 83 cm.
  • Tactile lines on all lines except service boxes.

B2, B3 & B4 Court

  • Dimensions: 18,28 m x 8,23 m.
  • Service line = 2,74 m from the baseline and 6,40 m from the net.
  • Net height = 90 cm.

THE BALL

  • A standard Blind Tennis ball, manufactured by the company Shoei Industry Co. Ltd, shall be used.
  • Colour of the ball: YELLOW or BLACK
  • Colour of the court: It depends on the pavilion or kind of court.
  • With independence of the official colour of the ball, if 2 players agree, they can decide to change the colour of the ball for the match they are going to play. 

RACKET SIZE

  • Any racket accepted by the ITF in accordance with court sizes.
  • For the B1 game a maximum of 23 inches.
  • For the B2, B3 game a maximum of 25 inches.
  • For the B4 game a maxium of 27 inches.

BLINDFOLD

  • B1 players must wear a standard Paralympic approved blindfold.
  • The blindfold may be removed only once per game and during pauses in between games.
  • Players should signal to the umpire if they need to move the blindfold in any way.

BOUNCES

  • B1 & B2 = Up to 3 bounces.
  • B3 = Up to 2 bounces.
  • B4 = Up to 1 bounce.

VOLLEY

  • Volley is allowed for all the categories.

WHEN TO SERVE & RECEIVE

  • Before starting the service motion the server must call “ready?” and wait for the receiver to reply “yes”. The server then has 5 seconds to serve the ball during which time s/he may not alter their position on the court.
  • The server must shout “play” immediately before hitting the ball.

SERVER & RECEIVER

  • Both the server and the receiver may ask an umpire or ball person about their own position on court, in order to locate themselves on the court.  

PLAYER LOSES POINT

  • A B1 or B2 player loses the point if s/he does not return the ball before the fourth bounce (3 bounces allowed).
  • A B3 player loses the point if s/he does not return the ball before the third bounce (2 bounces allowed).
  • A B4 player loses the point if s/he does not return the ball before the second bounce (1 bounce allowed).

Note: At all times the first bounce must be within the court or, in the case of a serve, within the appropriate service court. Any additional bounces may be inside or outside the court.

  • If the ball hits the player inside the court before the first bounce, it is a point for the opponent (all categories).
  • If the ball hits the player when they are outside the court before the first bounce, it is a point for the player (all categories).

CATEGORIES

  • B1: men & women.
  • B2: men & women.
  • B3: men & women.
  • B4: men & women.

SIGHT CLASSIFICATION INFORMATION

  • IBTA will provide sight classifications with international classifiers supervision.
  • B1: Only B1 players can play in the B1 category. B1 players can also play in the B2, B3 or B4 categories, but must follow the rules for that particular category.
  • B2: B2 player can play in a B3 or B4 category, but must follow the rules for that particular category.
  • B3: B3 player can play in a B4 category, but must observe the B4 rule of one bounce.
  • B4 players may not play in a B3, B2 or B1 category. 

Requirements to Play in International Tournaments

  • Players must be affiliated to the Association of the country they belong to.
  • Players will not be accepted into an international tournament without a sight classification provided by IBTA.
  • The national representative from each country will decide on the players who will attend international tournaments.

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